Aqeedah of Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaah
The âaqeedah of Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaaâah is the most dominant creed among Muslims worldwide
The term Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaaâah originated from two words, namely âAhlus Sunnahâ and âal-Jamaaâah,â which indicates a group that adheres to the beliefs of Prophet sallAllahu âalayhi wasallam or following his way of life sallAllahu âalayhi wasallam and his Companions radiyAllaahu âanhum ajmaâeen especially the Rightly Guided Caliphs whom were groomed and trained by Rasulullah sallAllahu âalayhi wasallam himself.
The beliefs of Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaaâah encompasses Islamic teachings pertaining to âaqeedah, Shareeâah, and akhlaaq, which was taught since the time of the Prophet sallAllahu âalayhi wasallam and his Companions. The term Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaaâah was coined and concluded by the scholars from a hadeeth.
âAbdullah bin âAmr radiyAllaahu âanhuma reported that the Messenger sallAllahu âalayhi wasallam said: âVerily, the Children of Israel had split into seventy-two sects and my ummah will split into seventy-three sects. All of them will be in Hellfire, except one group.â They (the Companions) said: âWho are they, O Messenger of Allah?â He (sallAllahu âalayhi wasallam) said: â(Those who follow) that which I and my companions follow.â (at-Tirmidhi: hasan)
Based on the narration above, combined with various narrations having the same meaning, the scholars have concluded that the definition of those that strictly follow the sunnah of the Messenger and the Companions are referred as Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaaâah.
Their âaqeedah is deeply rooted within the teachings brought by Rasulullah sallAllahu âalayhi wasallam and his Companions radiyAllaahu âanhum ajmaâeen. The âaqeedah of Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaaâah is deemed as the teachings that is true, guided, safe, clear, and having no confusion within itself. On the contrary, all other teachings are colluded, misguided, and erroneous, prone to stray far beyond the teachings of alQurâan and as-Sunnah.
Among the characteristics of the creed of Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaaâah are:
- Firm belief and interpretation of Islamic rulings based on primary sources, namely alQurâan, as-Sunnah, ijmaaâ, and qiyaas, without rejecting or reducing the role of any one of them.
- Firm adherence to Islamic teachings that include matters pertaining to imaan that is âaqeedah; Islam that is sharaâ; and ihsaan that is akhlaaq.
- Clinging onto al-Qurâan that was compiled by the Companions radiyAllaahu âanhum ajmaâeen especially that which is known as Mus-haf âUthmaani, and holding firm onto as-Sunnah especially ahaadeeth that was collected by the great imams such as Imam al-Bukhaari, Imam Muslim, Imam at-Tirmidhi, Imam Abu Dawood, Imam an-Nasaaâie, Imam ibn Maajah, and others that are also recognized rahimahumullah.
- Believing that the Companions are all trustworthy and just without declaring any one of them as apostates, especially the Rightly Guided Caliphs, whom are Abu Bakr, Umar ibn al-Khattaab, âUthmaan ibn âAffaan, and âAli bin Abi Taalib radiyAllaahu âanhum ajmaâeen.
- To believe and have firm imaan upon Unseen matters, especially those that are affirmed by al-Qurâan and asSunnah, such as the torment of the grave, the reward of Paradise, the torment of Hellfire, and many more.
- Not easily and hastily declaring kufr upon the Muslims or ahlul Qiblah (those having Kaâbah as their qiblah) except with full knowledge, established proofs, and justice.
- Moderation in beliefs and practice, which is not being too extreme nor being negligent.
Ideologies that violate some or all of the previously mentioned matters e.g. rejecting alQurâan and as-Sunnah, interpreting Islam based on rational (reason) due to whim desire, renouncing the Companions as apostates, adopting extreme views are all rejected and lies outside the fold of Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaaâah.
Resources on Aqidah
There are 2 main schools of aqidah in the Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaah i.e. Maturidi and Ash'ari. Hanafis mainly follow the Maturi school and Shafiis and Malikis follow the Ash'ari school. The two schools are very close that the Hanafis are also considered to follow the Asha'ri school. Righteous scholars in the past have documented invaluable evidence of the aqidah e.g. the book Umm al-Barahin was written by Imam Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Yusuf al-Sanusi al-Husayni al-Maliki on the Ash'ari aqidah. Imam Abu Ja'far at-Tahawi had explained in greater detail the aqidah of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaah. Sheikh Ahmad Marzuki al-Maliki explained the aqidah of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaah through him poem "Aqidatul Awam" (The creed of the common people).
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Meaning: Know (acquire the knowledge of) there is no god but Allah (Surah Muhammad:19)
The first obligation of a mukallaf is to learn about Allah. A mukallaf is one who meet all of the following criteria:
- reached the age of puberty
- has received the message of Islam
Please click the link below for online resources which are beneficial in understanding our rightful aqidah.
Books on Aqidah
A Refined Explanation of The Sanusi Creed.
by Shaykh Sa'id Foudah
Ahl Al-Sunna tha Ash'aris
by Shaykh Hamad al-Sinan & Shaykh Fawzi al-'Anjari
A Critique of the Palmyran Creed
by Shaykh Sa'id Foudah
General knowledge on the Aqidah of Ahlus-Sunnah Wal-Jamaah
- Creed of Ahlus-Sunnah Wal-Jamaah
- The Glimmerings Gems of the Creed of all Muslims
- Aqeedah of Muslims
Lessons on Aqidah of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaah by Imam Sanusi
Lessons on Aqidah of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaah by Imam at-Tahawi
- Aqidah At Tahawi
- Commentary on Aqidah Tahawiyyah
- The Creed of Imam At-Tahawi
- Al-Aqidah Al-Tahawiyyah
Lessons on Aqidah of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaah by Sheikh Ahmad Marzuki al-Maliki
Pillars of Belief
- Belief in Allah
- Belief in Messengers
- Belief in the Books
- Belief in Angels
- Belief in the Hereafter
- Belief in Qada' and Qadr (predestination)
Pillars of Islam
- Shahadah (testimony) that Allah is the one and only God and Muhammad is the Messenger of God
- Prayers 5 times daily
- Fasting in the month of Ramadan
- Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah) for those who can afford it